Infinitive, Definition, Examples, Uses, Rules, Exercise or worksheet, pdf

To display infinitive in a sentence, the word ‘to’ is used. To display a definition, the word ‘def’ is used. To display examples, the word ‘ex’ is used. To display rules, the word ‘rule’ is used. To display exercise or worksheet, the word ‘exerc’ is used. To display a pdf, the word ‘pdf’ is used. The word ‘in’ is used for the infinitive. The word ‘the’ is used for the definition. The word ‘of’ is used for the examples. The word ‘in’ is used for the rules. The word ‘and’ is used for the exercises. If there is an ‘r’ in the word

An infinitive is a form of verb that functions as a noun. For example, the verb “to be” is an infinitive. An infinitive is also called an “infinitive phrase.” An infinitive phrase is a group of words that begins with a verb form (e.g., “to,” “to be,” “to have,” “to do”) and can be used as a noun. Infinitive phrases are often referred to as gerunds.

The infinitive is a basic grammatical form that, as the name suggests, is used to express an action or a state of being without a preposition.

border=0 data-ezsrc= /> Infinitive, definition, examples of infinitive, exercise or workbook for 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, usage, rules pdf. Definition: Infinitive – A word that is not limited by the person or number of the subject is called an infinitive. It is essentially a type of name that has certain properties of a name. Therefore, it is also considered a verbal noun. alt=Infinitive, definition, examples, use, rules, practice or worksheet width=560 height=315 data-attachment-id=2161 data-permalink= data-orig-file= data-orig-size=560,315 data-comments-opened=1 data-image-meta={ data-image-title=Infinitive, definition, examples, use, rules, practice or worksheet data-image-description=data-medium-file= data-large-file= data-recalc-dims=1 data-ez= data-ezsrc= /> Examples:

  1. I like to speak English.
  2. She loves to swim.

Message: The finite verb is limited to the person and number of the subject. Examples:

  1. I love music.
  2. She loves music.
  3. They love music.

Also read :

Use of the infinitive

  • As the subject of the verb.


  1. Advising others is easy.
  2. Learning English is hard.
  3. It’s very hard to please Padmé.

Message: These sentences should be written with the preparatory subject it. Examples:

  1. It’s easy to give others advice.
  2. Learning English is hard.
  3. Padme is a difficult woman to please.
  • If the direct object of a transitive verb


  1. I want to be a poet.
  2. He likes to read books.
  3. We recommend a visit to Agra.
  • As a complement of the verb


  1. Our greatest joy is helping the poor.
  2. My goal is to marry her.
  3. She is planning to move to Australia.
  • If the object of a preposition


  1. I had no choice but to give up all hope.
  2. Let’s get to work.


  1. We heard him talking to his father.
  2. We found his door open.
  3. I noticed Madhavi smiling at me.
  • Give the verb the qualification to express the purpose


  1. I was going to marry Padmaja.
  2. We came to see Madhavi.
  3. I read books to broaden my knowledge.


  1. We like to sit in the garden.
  2. Padme is a difficult woman to please.
  3. English is hard to learn.


  1. This is no time to sleep.
  2. I have letters to send.
  3. She has a child to take care of.


  1. The truth is, we don’t have a problem with you.
  2. To put it bluntly: We need the money.
  3. Frankly, I’m not in a position to help you.

Use of the incomplete infinitive

The bare infinitive is used with the following verbs:

Rate dismiss sb. слышать
Check out do need for
See. Help wagon


  1. I told him to leave.
  2. Let him talk.
  3. She helped me understand life.
  4. I helped her learn English.
  5. I heard Madhavi telling his friend about me.
  6. You don’t have to worry about that.
  7. She didn’t dare talk to her father.

Message: Dare and must as main verbs used with the infinitive to. Examples:

  1. Did he dare jump into the river?
  2. We need two days to get the job done.


have to be May do wagon
Sync and corrections by n17t01 maybe at
will be You can have to be
will be maybe need for


  1. I’m going there.
  2. You should know that.
  3. She’ll pay the money.
  4. You would have helped me.
  5. You can do it tomorrow.
  6. You can tell me the truth.
  7. You can wait here.
  8. She could explain the poem to me.
  9. He did well.
  10. He has to give the money back.


was better. Sync and corrected by dr.jackson for
previously rather than


  1. You need to see a good doctor.
  2. It’s best to talk to him about it.
  3. I’d rather work hard than rest.
  • With certain pretexts.

For example: Except, but, that. Examples:

  1. Padma does nothing but blame others
  2. I can do anything, but I cannot understand their nature.
  3. I would rather die than accept defeat.

Message: Incomplete infinitives can be replaced by infinitives to. Examples:

  1. I can teach. (I’m able to teach)
  2. She asked me to wait. (She asked me to wait.)
  3. Let me tell you something. Let me tell you something.
  4. I have to respect them. (I must respect them or I am obliged to respect them).
  5. I will punish them. (I plan to punish her)

Separate infinitive

It is generally considered inappropriate to separate the infinitive in the middle. Examples:

  1. I expect Madhavi to read the letter carefully. (incorrect)
  2. I expect Madhavi to read the letter carefully. (on the right)
  3. She tried to explain the situation clearly. (incorrectly)
  4. She tried to explain the situation clearly. (right)

Message: The adverb can be used both before and after the infinitive.

Time Active voice Passive voice
The present time A + verb To + past participle (verb) To be written
The present continues To write his + present participle of his
The real perfect Have + past participle of have written to have been + past participle, to have been written
The current long indicative To have been + present participle of to have been written

rules of the infinitive


The infinitive without to is used after auxiliary verbs such as shall, will, can, may, should, must, etc. But shall is the exception, Examples:

  1. You have a job to do.
  2. He can win this game.
  3. You have to obey the law.
  4. You must respect your elders.

Rule 2

The infinitive without to is used after the verbs did, let, make, need, dare, see, hear, etc., except when need and dare are conjugated with to. Examples:

  1. I asked him to touch your book.
  2. I let him sit in the sun.
  3. You don’t have to go.

Rule 3

Here are some verbs with direct object + infinitive: say, command, invite, force, allow, teach, instruct, warn, urge, advise, entice, encourage, ask, forbid, show, remind, etc. Examples:

  1. I warned him not to touch my books.
  2. I ordered him not to leave the office.
  3. I advised him not to run.
  4. He told me to finish the job.

Rule 4

The infinitive without a to is also used after had better, had rather, would rather, would rather, rather than, need not, etc. Examples:

  1. You better get some rest.
  2. You need to get a blood test done.

Rule 5

The infinitive without to is used after the prepositions but and that. Examples:

  1. He just laughed. (False)
  2. He just laughed. (right)
  3. He just laughed. (False)
  4. He just laughed. (right)

Rule 6

Separating the infinitive, i.e. separating to from the verb by placing an adverb or adverbial phrase between it, is not correct because to is considered part of the verb. So it must be placed immediately before the verb. Examples:

  1. I went there to see the situation in person. (False)
  2. I went there personally to find out about the situation. (right)
  3. I ask you to grant my request. (False)
  4. I ask you to grant my request. (right)

Rule 7

In English, it is not common to leave to in the infinitive, i.e., to not put a verb after it, but to leave the verb implicit. Examples:

  1. I’m not going unless I have to.
  2. I didn’t stay there until I had to.

Rule 8

The verb to of one infinitive can become the task of the other infinitive if the verbs of both infinitives are synonymous. Examples:

  1. He helped me to move forward and succeed. (False)
  2. It has helped me to grow and develop. (on the right)

(Because progress and prosperity are synonymous).

Rule 9

But if two different ideas are expressed by two infinitives, the last infinitive may not be omitted. Examples:

  1. It is in my power to succeed or fail. (False)
  2. It is in my power to succeed or fail. (right)
  3. We are invited to rejoice and weep with others. (False)
  4. We are invited to rejoice and mourn with others. (right)

Rule 10

The infinitive must be in the present tense, unless it indicates an action that precedes the main verb. Examples:

  1. I’d love to go there. (False)
  2. I’d like to go. (right)
  3. He seemed to be enjoying his stay in Mumbai. (False)
  4. He seemed to be enjoying his stay in Mumbai. (right)

Rule 11

When the infinitive is used to qualify a noun, it must be accompanied by the same preposition that would be used if the verbs were finite. Examples:

  1. I gave him a pen to write with. (False)
  2. I gave him a pen to write with. (on the right)
  3. He has no paper to write on. (False)
  4. He has no paper to write on. (on the right)

Infinitive verb Exercise

Connect the following sentences with the infinitive.

1. I have a lot of work to do. I have to do it now.
2. He has three daughters. He has to keep an eye on her.
3. I have some more letters. I have to write it tonight.
4. The postman is supposed to deliver letters. It’s his duty.
5. I should be a writer. This is my purpose in life.
6. I should know his name. I don’t know how to know.
7. Maybe she was waiting for a friend She seemed to be on her way.
8. I must help the poor. That was my only goal
9. She was my wife. That’s what everyone thought.
10. I want my wife raised , I prefer that.
11. He needs to stop smoking. I advised him on this.
12. I want her to tell me the truth. That’s what I told him.
13. He has recovered from his illness. I knew it. I was very happy about that.
14. Scientists need to develop new things. That is their first responsibility.
15. Give me this letter. It’s your duty.

infinitive pdf

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