A curious civilisation was the Indus Valley Civilization (or, more commonly known as the “Indus Valley”), which was located in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent. The civilisation flourished around the Indus river, in what is now modern-day Pakistan and northwest India. This civilisation abandoned the Harappan period, which began around 3000 BC, and flourished in around 2600 BC – 1500 BC.
In the Indus Valley Civilization, the people lived in small villages of mud brick houses. They had a simple way of life. The people of this era were farmers and the main crops they grew were rice, barley, wheat, cotton, and a small amount of other crops. People were able to make their own clothes and jewelry by hand. The people who lived in the Indus Valley Civilization had created a written system of communication. They used a writing system that was based on symbols for sounds, so that they could understand each other better. The main symbol that the people used to represent the sound of a word was a triangular piece of clay. The triangular piece of clay was used to represent the letter “A”.
The Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, is one of the earliest in the world. It predates the Sumerian Civilization, the first civilization of the world, by more than six millennia. This civilization was the most important of the three major civilizations of the ancient world and comprised the areas today known as Pakistan and India.
indus valley civilization history essay paragraph
What is the Indus Valley Civilization?
India is known for its rich and deep culture. Like the beginning of any good story, these traditions have deep roots. We would have no history if the Indus valley civilization had never existed.
History of the Indus Valley Civilization
The story goes back to 5500 BC. Chr. when the Indus Valley civilization emerged in small villages in the Indus Basin. The people who lived at that time were considered the most intelligent. About 2600 b. At the beginning of the 20th century, cities and towers gradually arose from the ruins. The civilization of the Indus Valley had its heyday in the years 2500-2000 BC. Chr. Chr. The very famous Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa belong to this civilization. The Indus Valley civilization is therefore also called the Mohenjo Daro civilization or the Harappa civilization. Excavations show that these cities were the most advanced ever. Many houses had their own wells and baths. They are also known for their well constructed drainage system of Indus valley civilization. They had a larger social life than the societies that existed among the Babylonians, the Egyptians, etc. The inhabitants of this civilization planned the cities, roads, and plumbing systems seriously and carefully for the proper functioning and well-being of the people.
Characteristics of the Indus Valley Civilization
Trade allowed the civilization of the Indus Valley to flourish and remain alive and active. Exchanges took place for a variety of reasons, including commercial, religious and artistic ties. They exchanged products and produced many goods that were exported all over the world. The excavated remains show us several sculptures and beautifully carved pots.
Written language during the Indus-civilization
Another strong point is the written language. Historians have not yet found a way to decipher their writing system. They used a special language to communicate and get their messages across the country. Deciphering their code takes longer than expected and remains a mystery. Their writings can be seen on various surfaces, such as B. on ceramics, seals, copper plates, etc.
Agriculture was also an important development of this civilization. They were best known for their cultures of the Indus Valley civilization. The farmers were friendly people who cared about the health of the community. In those days there were no counterfeit products. Their fields looked rich, from rice to red tomatoes.
Map of the area affected by the Indus Valley civilization
Inventions during the Indus Valley Civilization
They also introduced a new system for minting coins and seals. Made of copper and aluminum, their pieces were unique. Their seals were stuck on every note or letter from their city to modestly show their rule.
Decay of the Indus Valley Civilization
Around 1500 b. In this area nomads, herders and Aryans from Central Asia migrated. They were welcomed by these people. But events took a different turn. What should have been taken as an invitation, they saw as an invasion. The Aryans invaded their borders and caused the downfall of the Indus valley civilization.
Good things always come to an end. The Indus Valley Civilization manifested itself around 1800 BC. Chr. their decline. Their writing gradually disappeared, trade declined as measuring instruments and weights were no longer used. Connections to other places were also lost, and the towns gradually became deserted. The inhabitants left their homes and went in search of more prosperous land. Many believe that the main reason for the decline of the Indus Valley civilization was the drying up of the Saraswati River. Other historians say it was caused by the great flood that occurred during his last period.The Indus Valley Civilization is one of the earliest known cultures. It was founded in the middle of the 2nd millennium BC near the city of Mohenjo-daro in modern-day Pakistan. The civilization spread across what is now modern-day Pakistan, northern India, and southern Afghanistan. Archaeologists have been able to collect some of the artifacts of this society, including bricks and writing tablets.. Read more about write an essay on the art of indus valley civilization and let us know what you think.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is Indus Valley civilization history?
The Indus Valley civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that flourished in the northwestern regions of South Asia, extending from what today is northeast Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest India. Along with Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, it was one of three early civilizations of the Old World. The earliest urban settlements in the Indus Valley date to between 2800 BC and 2600 BC. The Indus Valley Civilization is also known as Harappan Civilization or Harappan culture.
How did Indus Valley Civilization start?
The Indus Valley Civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that flourished in the northwestern regions of the Indian subcontinent from roughly 3300 BC to 1300 BC. It covered most of what is now Pakistan and northwest India, extending into Afghanistan and northern parts of Iran. The civilization originated in the Indus River Valley, which was home to several ancient centers of culture. The three most prominent of these were Harappa and Mohenjo-daro in modern-day Pakistan, and Lothal in western India. The civilization is noted for its urban planning, sophisticated water management systems, use of drainage channels and sewerage system to manage sewage, as well as its construction of large buildings with pillared bases. The Indus Valley Civilization is also known for its multi-ethnic nature. It was one of the world’s first major urban civilizations, and at its peak, may have had a population of over five million people. How did the Indus Valley Civilization end? The Indus Valley Civilization ended around 1300 BC, when the civilization’s population and cultural influence began to decline. The reasons for this decline are unclear, but may have been due to changing climate patterns or overpopulation.
What is Indus Valley Civilization in simple words?
Indus Valley Civilization is the name given to a Bronze Age civilization in the Indian subcontinent, which was located in modern-day Pakistan and northwest India.
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